Convert JavaScript String to be all lower case? – Dev

The best answers to the question “Convert JavaScript String to be all lower case?” in the category Dev.

QUESTION:

How can I convert a JavaScript string value to be in all lower case letters?

Example: "Your Name" to "your name"

ANSWER:

Use either toLowerCase or toLocaleLowerCase methods of the String object. The difference is that toLocaleLowerCase will take current locale of the user/host into account. As per § 15.5.4.17 of the ECMAScript Language Specification (ECMA-262), toLocaleLowerCase

…works exactly the same as toLowerCase
except that its result is intended to
yield the correct result for the host
environment’s current locale, rather
than a locale-independent result.
There will only be a difference in the
few cases (such as Turkish) where the
rules for that language conflict with
the regular Unicode case mappings.

Example:

var lower="Your Name".toLowerCase();

Also note that the toLowerCase and toLocaleLowerCase functions are implemented to work generically on any value type. Therefore you can invoke these functions even on non-String objects. Doing so will imply automatic conversion to a string value prior to changing the case of each character in the resulting string value. For example, you can apply toLowerCase directly on a date like this:

var lower = String.prototype.toLowerCase.apply(new Date());

and which is effectively equivalent to:

var lower = new Date().toString().toLowerCase();

The second form is generally preferred for its simplicity and readability. On earlier versions of IE, the first had the benefit that it could work with a null value. The result of applying toLowerCase or toLocaleLowerCase on null would yield null (and not an error condition).

ANSWER:

var lowerCaseName = "Your Name".toLowerCase();

ANSWER:

toLocaleUpperCase() or lower case functions don’t behave like they should do.

For example in my system, Safari 4, Chrome 4 Beta, Firefox 3.5.x it converts strings with Turkish characters incorrectly.

The browsers respond to navigator.language as “en-US”, “tr”, “en-US” respectively.

But there is no way to get user’s Accept-Lang setting in the browser as far as I could find.

Only Chrome gives me trouble although I have configured every browser as tr-TR locale preferred.

I think these settings only affect HTTP header, but we can’t access to these settings via JS.

In the Mozilla documentation it says “The characters within a string are converted to … while respecting the current locale.

For most languages, this will return the same as …”.

I think it’s valid for Turkish, it doesn’t differ it’s configured as en or tr.

In Turkish it should convert “DİNÇ” to “dinç” and “DINÇ” to “dınç” or vice-versa.

ANSWER:

Yes, any string in JavaScript has a toLowerCase() method that will return a new string that is the old string in all lower case. The old string will remain unchanged.

So, you can do something like:

"Foo".toLowerCase();
document.getElementById('myField').value.toLowerCase();