Convert string[] to int[] in one line of code using LINQ – Dev

The best answers to the question “Convert string[] to int[] in one line of code using LINQ” in the category Dev.

QUESTION:

I have an array of integers in string form:

var arr = new string[] { "1", "2", "3", "4" };

I need to an array of ‘real’ integers to push it further:

void Foo(int[] arr) { .. }

I tried to cast int and it of course failed:

Foo(arr.Cast<int>.ToArray());

I can do next:

var list = new List<int>(arr.Length);
arr.ForEach(i => list.Add(Int32.Parse(i))); // maybe Convert.ToInt32() is better?
Foo(list.ToArray());

or

var list = new List<int>(arr.Length);
arr.ForEach(i =>
{
   int j;
   if (Int32.TryParse(i, out j)) // TryParse is faster, yeah
   {
      list.Add(j);
   }
 }
 Foo(list.ToArray());

but both looks ugly.

Is there any other ways to complete the task?

ANSWER:

EDIT: to convert to array

int[] asIntegers = arr.Select(s => int.Parse(s)).ToArray();

This should do the trick:

var asIntegers = arr.Select(s => int.Parse(s));

ANSWER:

Given an array you can use the Array.ConvertAll method:

int[] myInts = Array.ConvertAll(arr, s => int.Parse(s));

Thanks to Marc Gravell for pointing out that the lambda can be omitted, yielding a shorter version shown below:

int[] myInts = Array.ConvertAll(arr, int.Parse);

A LINQ solution is similar, except you would need the extra ToArray call to get an array:

int[] myInts = arr.Select(int.Parse).ToArray();

ANSWER:

you can simply cast a string array to int array by:

var converted = arr.Select(int.Parse)

ANSWER:

To avoid exceptions with .Parse, here are some .TryParse alternatives.

To use only the elements that can be parsed:

string[] arr = { null, " ", " 1 ", " 002 ", "3.0" };
int i = 0; 
var a = (from s in arr where int.TryParse(s, out i) select i).ToArray();  // a = { 1, 2 }

or

var a = arr.SelectMany(s => int.TryParse(s, out i) ? new[] { i } : new int[0]).ToArray();

Alternatives using 0 for the elements that can’t be parsed:

int i; 
var a = Array.ConvertAll(arr, s => int.TryParse(s, out i) ? i : 0); //a = { 0, 0, 1, 2, 0 }

or

var a = arr.Select((s, i) => int.TryParse(s, out i) ? i : 0).ToArray();

C# 7.0:

var a = Array.ConvertAll(arr, s => int.TryParse(s, out var i) ? i : 0);