Converting pixels to dp – Dev

The best answers to the question “Converting pixels to dp” in the category Dev.

QUESTION:

I have created my application with the height and width given in pixels for a Pantech device whose resolution is 480x800.

I need to convert height and width for a G1 device.
I thought converting it into dp will solve the problem and provide the same solution for both devices.

Is there any easy way to convert pixels to dp?
Any suggestions?

ANSWER:

/**
 * This method converts dp unit to equivalent pixels, depending on device density. 
 * 
 * @param dp A value in dp (density independent pixels) unit. Which we need to convert into pixels
 * @param context Context to get resources and device specific display metrics
 * @return A float value to represent px equivalent to dp depending on device density
 */
public static float convertDpToPixel(float dp, Context context){
    return dp * ((float) context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().densityDpi / DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_DEFAULT);
}

/**
 * This method converts device specific pixels to density independent pixels.
 * 
 * @param px A value in px (pixels) unit. Which we need to convert into db
 * @param context Context to get resources and device specific display metrics
 * @return A float value to represent dp equivalent to px value
 */
public static float convertPixelsToDp(float px, Context context){
    return px / ((float) context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().densityDpi / DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_DEFAULT);
}

ANSWER:

Java code:

// Converts 14 dip into its equivalent px
float dip = 14f;
Resources r = getResources();
float px = TypedValue.applyDimension(
    TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_DIP,
    dip,
    r.getDisplayMetrics()
);

Kotlin code:

 val dip = 14f
 val r: Resources = resources
 val px = TypedValue.applyDimension(
     TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_DIP,
     dip,
     r.displayMetrics
 )

Kotlin extension:

val Number.toPx get() = TypedValue.applyDimension(
  TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_DIP,
  this.toFloat(),
  Resources.getSystem().displayMetrics)

ANSWER:

float density = context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
float px = someDpValue * density;
float dp = somePxValue / density;

density equals

  • .75 on ldpi (120 dpi)
  • 1.0 on mdpi (160 dpi; baseline)
  • 1.5 on hdpi (240 dpi)
  • 2.0 on xhdpi (320 dpi)
  • 3.0 on xxhdpi (480 dpi)
  • 4.0 on xxxhdpi (640 dpi)

Use this online converter to play around with dpi values.

EDIT:
It seems there is no 1:1 relationship between dpi bucket and density. It looks like the Nexus 5X being xxhdpi has a density value of 2.625 (instead of 3). See for yourself in the Device Metrics.

ANSWER:

Preferably put in a Util.java class

public static float dpFromPx(final Context context, final float px) {
    return px / context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
}

public static float pxFromDp(final Context context, final float dp) {
    return dp * context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
}