How do I dump an object's fields to the console? – Dev

The best answers to the question “How do I dump an object's fields to the console?” in the category Dev.

QUESTION:

When I’m running a simple Ruby script, what’s the easiest way to dump an object’s fields to the console?

I’m looking for something similar to PHP’s print_r() that will work with arrays as well.

ANSWER:

You might find a use for the methods method which returns an array of methods for an object. It’s not the same as print_r, but still useful at times.

>> "Hello".methods.sort
=> ["%", "*", "+", "<", "<<", "<=", "<=>", "==", "===", "=~", ">", ">=", "[]", "[]=", "__id__", "__send__", "all?", "any?", "between?", "capitalize", "capitalize!", "casecmp", "center", "chomp", "chomp!", "chop", "chop!", "class", "clone", "collect", "concat", "count", "crypt", "delete", "delete!", "detect", "display", "downcase", "downcase!", "dump", "dup", "each", "each_byte", "each_line", "each_with_index", "empty?", "entries", "eql?", "equal?", "extend", "find", "find_all", "freeze", "frozen?", "grep", "gsub", "gsub!", "hash", "hex", "id", "include?", "index", "inject", "insert", "inspect", "instance_eval", "instance_of?", "instance_variable_defined?", "instance_variable_get", "instance_variable_set", "instance_variables", "intern", "is_a?", "is_binary_data?", "is_complex_yaml?", "kind_of?", "length", "ljust", "lstrip", "lstrip!", "map", "match", "max", "member?", "method", "methods", "min", "next", "next!", "nil?", "object_id", "oct", "partition", "private_methods", "protected_methods", "public_methods", "reject", "replace", "respond_to?", "reverse", "reverse!", "rindex", "rjust", "rstrip", "rstrip!", "scan", "select", "send", "singleton_methods", "size", "slice", "slice!", "sort", "sort_by", "split", "squeeze", "squeeze!", "strip", "strip!", "sub", "sub!", "succ", "succ!", "sum", "swapcase", "swapcase!", "taguri", "taguri=", "taint", "tainted?", "to_a", "to_f", "to_i", "to_s", "to_str", "to_sym", "to_yaml", "to_yaml_properties", "to_yaml_style", "tr", "tr!", "tr_s", "tr_s!", "type", "unpack", "untaint", "upcase", "upcase!", "upto", "zip"]

ANSWER:

Possibly:

puts variable.inspect

ANSWER:

p object

Ruby doc for p.

p(*args) public

For each object, directly writes obj.inspect followed
by a newline to the program’s standard output.

ANSWER:

The to_yaml method seems to be useful sometimes:

$foo = {:name => "Clem", :age => 43}

puts $foo.to_yaml

returns

--- 
:age: 43
:name: Clem

(Does this depend on some YAML module being loaded? Or would that typically be available?)