How to align content of a div to the bottom – Dev

The best answers to the question “How to align content of a div to the bottom” in the category Dev.

QUESTION:

Say I have the following CSS and HTML code:

#header {
  height: 150px;
}
<div id="header">
  <h1>Header title</h1>
  Header content (one or multiple lines)
</div>

The header section is fixed height, but the header content may change.

I would like the content of the header to be vertically aligned to the bottom of the header section, so the last line of text “sticks” to the bottom of the header section.

So if there is only one line of text, it would be like:

-----------------------------
| Header title
|
|
|
| header content (resulting in one line)
-----------------------------

And if there were three lines:

-----------------------------
| Header title
|
| header content (which is so
| much stuff that it perfectly
| spans over three lines)
-----------------------------

How can this be done in CSS?

ANSWER:

If you’re not worried about legacy browsers use a flexbox.

The parent element needs its display type set to flex

div.parent {
  display: flex;
  height: 100%;
}

Then you set the child element’s align-self to flex-end.

span.child {
  display: inline-block;
  align-self: flex-end;
}

Here’s the resource I used to learn:
http://css-tricks.com/snippets/css/a-guide-to-flexbox/

ANSWER:

Relative+absolute positioning is your best bet:

#header {
  position: relative;
  min-height: 150px;
}

#header-content {
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
}

#header, #header * {
  background: rgba(40, 40, 100, 0.25);
}
<div id="header">
  <h1>Title</h1>
  <div id="header-content">And in the last place, where this might not be the case, they would be of long standing, would have taken deep root, and would not easily be extirpated. The scheme of revising the constitution, in order to correct recent breaches of it, as well as for other purposes, has been actually tried in one of the States.</div>
</div>

But you may run into issues with that. When I tried it I had problems with dropdown menus appearing below the content. It’s just not pretty.

Honestly, for vertical centering issues and, well, any vertical alignment issues with the items aren’t fixed height, it’s easier just to use tables.

Example: Can you do this HTML layout without using tables?

ANSWER:

I use these properties and it works!

#header {
  display: table-cell;
  vertical-align: bottom;
}

ANSWER:

Use CSS positioning:

/* Creates a new stacking context on the header */
#header {
  position: relative;
}

/* Positions header-content at the bottom of header's context */
#header-content {
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 0;
}

As cletus noted, you need identify the header-content to make this work.

<span id="header-content">some header content</span>

<div style="height:100%; position:relative;">
    <div style="height:10%; position:absolute; bottom:0px;">bottom</div>
</div>