How to apply CSS to iframe? – Dev

The best answers to the question “How to apply CSS to iframe?” in the category Dev.

QUESTION:

I have a simple page that has some iframe sections (to display RSS links). How can I apply the same CSS format from the main page to the page displayed in the iframe?

ANSWER:

I met this issue with Google Calendar. I wanted to style it on a darker background and change font.

Luckily, the URL from the embed code had no restriction on direct access, so by using PHP function file_get_contents it is possible to get the
entire content from the page. Instead of calling the Google URL, it is possible to call a php file located on your server, ex. google.php, which will contain the original content with modifications:

$content = file_get_contents('https://www.google.com/calendar/embed?src=%23contacts%40group.v.calendar.google.com&ctz=America/Montreal');

Adding the path to your stylesheet:

$content = str_replace('</head>','<link rel="stylesheet" href="http://www.yourwebsiteurl.com/google.css" /></head>', $content);

(This will place your stylesheet last just before the head end tag.)

Specify the base url form the original url in case css and js are called relatively:

$content = str_replace('</title>','</title><base href="https://www.google.com/calendar/" />', $content);

The final google.php file should look like this:

<?php
$content = file_get_contents('https://www.google.com/calendar/embed?src=%23contacts%40group.v.calendar.google.com&ctz=America/Montreal');
$content = str_replace('</title>','</title><base href="https://www.google.com/calendar/" />', $content);
$content = str_replace('</head>','<link rel="stylesheet" href="http://www.yourwebsiteurl.com/google.css" /></head>', $content);
echo $content;

Then you change the iframe embed code to:

<iframe src="http://www.yourwebsiteurl.com/google.php" style="border: 0" width="800" height="600" frameborder="0" scrolling="no"></iframe>

Good luck!

ANSWER:

Edit: This does not work cross domain unless the appropriate CORS header is set.

There are two different things here: the style of the iframe block and the style of the page embedded in the iframe. You can set the style of the iframe block the usual way:

<iframe name="iframe1" id="iframe1" src="https://stackoverflow.com/questions/217776/empty.htm" 
        frameborder="0" border="0" cellspacing="0"
        style="border-style: none;width: 100%; height: 120px;"></iframe>

The style of the page embedded in the iframe must be either set by including it in the child page:

<link type="text/css" rel="Stylesheet" href="https://stackoverflow.com/questions/217776/Style/simple.css" />

Or it can be loaded from the parent page with Javascript:

var cssLink = document.createElement("link");
cssLink.href = "https://stackoverflow.com/questions/217776/style.css"; 
cssLink.rel = "stylesheet"; 
cssLink.type = "text/css"; 
frames['iframe1'].document.head.appendChild(cssLink);

ANSWER:

var $head = $("#eFormIFrame").contents().find("head");

$head.append($("<link/>", {
    rel: "stylesheet",
    href: url,
    type: "text/css"
}));

ANSWER:

If the content of the iframe is not completely under your control or you want to access the content from different pages with different styles you could try manipulating it using JavaScript.

var frm = frames['frame'].document;
var otherhead = frm.getElementsByTagName("head")[0];
var link = frm.createElement("link");
link.setAttribute("rel", "stylesheet");
link.setAttribute("type", "text/css");
link.setAttribute("href", "style.css");
otherhead.appendChild(link);

Note that depending on what browser you use this might only work on pages served from the same domain.