How to find if directory exists in Python – Dev

The best answers to the question “How to find if directory exists in Python” in the category Dev.


In the os module in Python, is there a way to find if a directory exists, something like:

>>> os.direxists(os.path.join(os.getcwd()), 'new_folder')) # in pseudocode


Python 3.4 introduced the pathlib module into the standard library, which provides an object oriented approach to handle filesystem paths. The is_dir() and exists() methods of a Path object can be used to answer the question:

In [1]: from pathlib import Path

In [2]: p = Path('/usr')

In [3]: p.exists()
Out[3]: True

In [4]: p.is_dir()
Out[4]: True

Paths (and strings) can be joined together with the / operator:

In [5]: q = p / 'bin""vim'

In [6]: q
Out[6]: PosixPath('/usr/bin/vim') 

In [7]: q.exists()
Out[7]: True

In [8]: q.is_dir()
Out[8]: False

Pathlib is also available on Python 2.7 via the pathlib2 module on PyPi.


You’re looking for os.path.isdir, or os.path.exists if you don’t care whether it’s a file or a directory:

>>> import os
>>> os.path.isdir('new_folder')
>>> os.path.exists(os.path.join(os.getcwd(), 'new_folder', 'file.txt'))

Alternatively, you can use pathlib:

 >>> from pathlib import Path
 >>> Path('new_folder').is_dir()
 >>> (Path.cwd() / 'new_folder""file.txt').exists()


Yes, use os.path.exists().


So close! os.path.isdir returns True if you pass in the name of a directory that currently exists. If it doesn’t exist or it’s not a directory, then it returns False.