How to format numbers as currency strings – Dev

The best answers to the question “How to format numbers as currency strings” in the category Dev.

QUESTION:

I would like to format a price in JavaScript. I’d like a function which takes a float as an argument and returns a string formatted like this:

"$ 2,500.00"

What’s the best way to do this?

ANSWER:

Number.prototype.toFixed

This solution is compatible with every single major browser:

  const profits = 2489.8237;

  profits.toFixed(3) // Returns 2489.824 (rounds up)
  profits.toFixed(2) // Returns 2489.82
  profits.toFixed(7) // Returns 2489.8237000 (pads the decimals)

All you need is to add the currency symbol (e.g. "$" + profits.toFixed(2)) and you will have your amount in dollars.

Custom function

If you require the use of , between each digit, you can use this function:

function formatMoney(number, decPlaces, decSep, thouSep) {
    decPlaces = isNaN(decPlaces = Math.abs(decPlaces)) ? 2 : decPlaces,
    decSep = typeof decSep === "undefined" ? "." : decSep;
    thouSep = typeof thouSep === "undefined" ? "," : thouSep;
    var sign = number < 0 ? "-" : "";
    var i = String(parseInt(number = Math.abs(Number(number) || 0).toFixed(decPlaces)));
    var j = (j = i.length) > 3 ? j % 3 : 0;

    return sign +
        (j ? i.substr(0, j) + thouSep : "") +
        i.substr(j).replace(/(\decSep{3})(?=\decSep)/g, "$1" + thouSep) +
        (decPlaces ? decSep + Math.abs(number - i).toFixed(decPlaces).slice(2) : "");
}

document.getElementById("b").addEventListener("click", event => {
  document.getElementById("x").innerText = "Result was: " + formatMoney(document.getElementById("d").value);
});
<label>Insert your amount: <input id="d" type="text" placeholder="Cash amount" /></label>
<br />
<button id="b">Get Output</button>
<p id="x">(press button to get output)</p>

Use it like so:

(123456789.12345).formatMoney(2, ".", ",");

If you’re always going to use ‘.’ and ‘,’, you can leave them off your method call, and the method will default them for you.

(123456789.12345).formatMoney(2);

If your culture has the two symbols flipped (i.e., Europeans) and you would like to use the defaults, just paste over the following two lines in the formatMoney method:

    d = d == undefined ? "," : d,
    t = t == undefined ? "." : t,

Custom function (ES6)

If you can use modern ECMAScript syntax (i.e., through Babel), you can use this simpler function instead:

function formatMoney(amount, decimalCount = 2, decimal = ".", thousands = ",") {
  try {
    decimalCount = Math.abs(decimalCount);
    decimalCount = isNaN(decimalCount) ? 2 : decimalCount;

    const negativeSign = amount < 0 ? "-" : "";

    let i = parseInt(amount = Math.abs(Number(amount) || 0).toFixed(decimalCount)).toString();
    let j = (i.length > 3) ? i.length % 3 : 0;

    return
      negativeSign +
      (j ? i.substr(0, j) + thousands : '') +
      i.substr(j).replace(/(\d{3})(?=\d)/g, "$1" + thousands) +
      (decimalCount ? decimal + Math.abs(amount - i).toFixed(decimalCount).slice(2) : "");
  } catch (e) {
    console.log(e)
  }
};

document.getElementById("b").addEventListener("click", event => {
  document.getElementById("x").innerText = "Result was: " + formatMoney(document.getElementById("d").value);
});
<label>Insert your amount: <input id="d" type="text" placeholder="Cash amount" /></label>
<br />
<button id="b">Get Output</button>
<p id="x">(press button to get output)</p>

ANSWER:

Intl.NumberFormat

JavaScript has a number formatter (part of the Internationalization API).

// Create our number formatter.
var formatter = new Intl.NumberFormat('en-US', {
  style: 'currency',
  currency: 'USD',

  // These options are needed to round to whole numbers if that's what you want.
  //minimumFractionDigits: 0, // (this suffices for whole numbers, but will print 2500.10 as $2,500.1)
  //maximumFractionDigits: 0, // (causes 2500.99 to be printed as $2,501)
});

formatter.format(2500); /* $2,500.00 */

Use undefined in place of the first argument ('en-US' in the example) to use the system locale (the user locale in case the code is running in a browser). Further explanation of the locale code.

Here’s a list of the currency codes.

Intl.NumberFormat vs Number.prototype.toLocaleString

A final note comparing this to the older .toLocaleString. They both offer essentially the same functionality. However, toLocaleString in its older incarnations (pre-Intl) does not actually support locales: it uses the system locale. So when debugging old browsers, be sure that you’re using the correct version (MDN suggests to check for the existence of Intl). There isn’t any need to worry about this at all if you don’t care about old browsers or just use the shim.

Also, the performance of both is the same for a single item, but if you have a lot of numbers to format, using Intl.NumberFormat is ~70 times faster. Therefore, it’s usually best to use Intl.NumberFormat and instantiate only once per page load. Anyway, here’s the equivalent usage of toLocaleString:

(2500).toLocaleString('en-US', {
  style: 'currency',
  currency: 'USD',
}); /* $2,500.00 */

Some notes on browser support and Node.js

  • Browser support is no longer an issue nowadays with 98% support globally, 99% in the US and 99+% in the EU
  • There is a shim to support it on fossilized browsers (like Internet¬†Explorer¬†8), should you really need to
  • Node.js before v13 only supports en-US out of the box. One solution is to install full-icu, see here for more information
  • Have a look at CanIUse for more information

ANSWER:

Take a look at the JavaScript Number object and see if it can help you.

  • toLocaleString() will format a number using location specific thousands separator.
  • toFixed() will round the number to a specific number of decimal places.

To use these at the same time the value must have its type changed back to a number because they both output a string.

Example:

Number((someNumber).toFixed(1)).toLocaleString()

EDIT

One can just use toLocaleString directly and its not necessary to recast to a number:

someNumber.toLocaleString(undefined, {minimumFractionDigits: 2, maximumFractionDigits: 2});

Multiple numbers

If you need to frequently format numbers similarly you can create a specific object for reuse. Like for German (Switzerland):

const money = new Intl.NumberFormat('de-CH',
  { style:'currency', currency: 'CHF' });
const percent = new Intl.NumberFormat('de-CH',
  { style:'percent', maximumFractionDigits: 1, signDisplay: "always"});

which than can be used as:

money.format(1234.50); // output CHF 1'234.50
percent.format(0.083);  // output +8.3%

Pretty nifty.

ANSWER:

Short and fast solution (works everywhere!)

(12345.67).toFixed(2).replace(/\d(?=(\d{3})+\.)/g, '$&,');  // 12,345.67

The idea behind this solution is replacing matched sections with first match and comma, i.e. '$&,'. The matching is done using lookahead approach. You may read the expression as “match a number if it is followed by a sequence of three number sets (one or more) and a dot”.

TESTS:

1        --> "1.00"
12       --> "12.00"
123      --> "123.00"
1234     --> "1,234.00"
12345    --> "12,345.00"
123456   --> "123,456.00"
1234567  --> "1,234,567.00"
12345.67 --> "12,345.67"

DEMO: http://jsfiddle.net/hAfMM/9571/


Extended short solution

You can also extend the prototype of Number object to add additional support of any number of decimals [0 .. n] and the size of number groups [0 .. x]:

/**
 * Number.prototype.format(n, x)
 * 
 * @param integer n: length of decimal
 * @param integer x: length of sections
 */
Number.prototype.format = function(n, x) {
    var re="\\d(?=(\\d{" + (x || 3) + '})+' + (n > 0 ? '\\.' : '$') + ')';
    return this.toFixed(Math.max(0, ~~n)).replace(new RegExp(re, 'g'), '$&,');
};

1234..format();           // "1,234"
12345..format(2);         // "12,345.00"
123456.7.format(3, 2);    // "12,34,56.700"
123456.789.format(2, 4);  // "12,3456.79"

DEMO / TESTS: http://jsfiddle.net/hAfMM/435/


Super extended short solution

In this super extended version you may set different delimiter types:

/**
 * Number.prototype.format(n, x, s, c)
 * 
 * @param integer n: length of decimal
 * @param integer x: length of whole part
 * @param mixed   s: sections delimiter
 * @param mixed   c: decimal delimiter
 */
Number.prototype.format = function(n, x, s, c) {
    var re="\\d(?=(\\d{" + (x || 3) + '})+' + (n > 0 ? '\\D' : '$') + ')',
        num = this.toFixed(Math.max(0, ~~n));

    return (c ? num.replace('.', c) : num).replace(new RegExp(re, 'g'), '$&' + (s || ','));
};

12345678.9.format(2, 3, '.', ',');  // "12.345.678,90"
123456.789.format(4, 4, ' ', ':');  // "12 3456:7890"
12345678.9.format(0, 3, '-');       // "12-345-679"

DEMO / TESTS: http://jsfiddle.net/hAfMM/612/