How to get screen dimensions as pixels in Android – Dev

The best answers to the question “How to get screen dimensions as pixels in Android” in the category Dev.

QUESTION:

I created some custom elements, and I want to programmatically place them to the upper right corner (n pixels from the top edge and m pixels from the right edge). Therefore I need to get the screen width and screen height and then set position:

int px = screenWidth - m;
int py = screenHeight - n;

How do I get screenWidth and screenHeight in the main Activity?

ANSWER:

One way is:

Display display = getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay(); 
int width = display.getWidth();
int height = display.getHeight();

It is deprecated, and you should try the following code instead. The first two lines of code gives you the DisplayMetrics objecs. This objects contains the fields like heightPixels, widthPixels.

DisplayMetrics metrics = new DisplayMetrics();
getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(metrics);
      
int height = metrics.heightPixels;
int width = metrics.widthPixels;

Api level 30 update

final WindowMetrics metrics = windowManager.getCurrentWindowMetrics();
 // Gets all excluding insets
 final WindowInsets windowInsets = metrics.getWindowInsets();
 Insets insets = windowInsets.getInsetsIgnoreVisibility(WindowInsets.Type.navigationBars()
         | WindowInsets.Type.displayCutout());

 int insetsWidth = insets.right + insets.left;
 int insetsHeight = insets.top + insets.bottom;

 // Legacy size that Display#getSize reports
 final Rect bounds = metrics.getBounds();
 final Size legacySize = new Size(bounds.width() - insetsWidth,
         bounds.height() - insetsHeight);

ANSWER:

If you want the display dimensions in pixels you can use getSize:

Display display = getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay();
Point size = new Point();
display.getSize(size);
int width = size.x;
int height = size.y;

If you’re not in an Activity you can get the default Display via WINDOW_SERVICE:

WindowManager wm = (WindowManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
Display display = wm.getDefaultDisplay();

If you are in a fragment and want to acomplish this just use Activity.WindowManager (in Xamarin.Android) or getActivity().getWindowManager() (in java).

Before getSize was introduced (in API level 13), you could use the getWidth and getHeight methods that are now deprecated:

Display display = getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay(); 
int width = display.getWidth();  // deprecated
int height = display.getHeight();  // deprecated

For the use case, you’re describing, however, a margin/padding in the layout seems more appropriate.

Another way is: DisplayMetrics

A structure describing general information about a display, such as its size, density, and font scaling. To access the DisplayMetrics members, initialize an object like this:

DisplayMetrics metrics = new DisplayMetrics();
getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(metrics);

We can use widthPixels to get information for:

“The absolute width of the display in pixels.”

Example:

Log.d("ApplicationTagName", "Display width in px is " + metrics.widthPixels);

API level 30 update

final WindowMetrics metrics = windowManager.getCurrentWindowMetrics();
 // Gets all excluding insets
 final WindowInsets windowInsets = metrics.getWindowInsets();
 Insets insets = windowInsets.getInsetsIgnoreVisibility(WindowInsets.Type.navigationBars()
         | WindowInsets.Type.displayCutout());

 int insetsWidth = insets.right + insets.left;
 int insetsHeight = insets.top + insets.bottom;

 // Legacy size that Display#getSize reports
 final Rect bounds = metrics.getBounds();
 final Size legacySize = new Size(bounds.width() - insetsWidth,
         bounds.height() - insetsHeight);

ANSWER:

(2012 answer, may be out of date) If you want to support pre Honeycomb, you will need to put in backward compatibility prior to API 13. Something like:

int measuredWidth = 0;
int measuredHeight = 0;
WindowManager w = getWindowManager();

if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB_MR2) {
    Point size = new Point();
    w.getDefaultDisplay().getSize(size);
    measuredWidth = size.x;
    measuredHeight = size.y;
} else {
    Display d = w.getDefaultDisplay();
    measuredWidth = d.getWidth();
    measuredHeight = d.getHeight();
}

Of course the deprecated methods will eventually be taken out of the the most recent SDKs, but while we still rely on most of our users having Android 2.1, 2.2 and 2.3, this is what we are left with.

ANSWER:

It may not answer your question, but it could be useful to know (I was looking for it myself when I came to this question) that if you need a View’s dimension but your code is being executed when its layout has not been laid out yet (for example in onCreate() ) you can setup a ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener with View.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener() and put the relevant code that needs the view’s dimension there. The listener’s callback will be called when the layout will have been laid out.