How to manage startActivityForResult on Android – Dev

The best answers to the question “How to manage startActivityForResult on Android” in the category Dev.

QUESTION:

In my activity, I’m calling a second activity from the main activity by startActivityForResult. In my second activity, there are some methods that finish this activity (maybe without a result), however, just one of them returns a result.

For example, from the main activity, I call a second one. In this activity, I’m checking some features of a handset, such as does it have a camera. If it doesn’t have then I’ll close this activity. Also, during the preparation of MediaRecorder or MediaPlayer if a problem happens then I’ll close this activity.

If its device has a camera and recording is done completely, then after recording a video if a user clicks on the done button then I’ll send the result (address of the recorded video) back to the main activity.

How do I check the result from the main activity?

ANSWER:

How to check the result from the main activity?

You need to override Activity.onActivityResult() and then check its parameters:

  • requestCode identifies which app returned these results. This is defined by you when you call startActivityForResult().
  • resultCode informs you whether this app succeeded, failed, or something different
  • data holds any information returned by this app. This may be null.

ANSWER:

From your FirstActivity, call the SecondActivity using the startActivityForResult() method.

For example:

int LAUNCH_SECOND_ACTIVITY = 1
Intent i = new Intent(this, SecondActivity.class);
startActivityForResult(i, LAUNCH_SECOND_ACTIVITY);

In your SecondActivity, set the data which you want to return back to FirstActivity. If you don’t want to return back, don’t set any.

For example: In SecondActivity if you want to send back data:

Intent returnIntent = new Intent();
returnIntent.putExtra("result",result);
setResult(Activity.RESULT_OK,returnIntent);
finish();

If you don’t want to return data:

Intent returnIntent = new Intent();
setResult(Activity.RESULT_CANCELED, returnIntent);
finish();

Now in your FirstActivity class, write the following code for the onActivityResult() method.

@Override
protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
    super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);

    if (requestCode == LAUNCH_SECOND_ACTIVITY) {
        if(resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK){
            String result=data.getStringExtra("result");
        }
        if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_CANCELED) {
            // Write your code if there's no result
        }
    }
} //onActivityResult

To implement passing data between two activities in a much better way in Kotlin, please go through ‘A better way to pass data between Activities’.

ANSWER:

Complementing the answer from Nishant, the best way to return the activity result is:

Intent returnIntent = getIntent();
returnIntent.putExtra("result",result);
setResult(RESULT_OK,returnIntent);
finish();

I was having a problem with

new Intent();

Then I found out that the correct way is using

getIntent();

to get the current intent.

ANSWER:

Example

To see the entire process in context, here is a supplemental answer. See my fuller answer for more explanation.

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MainActivity.java

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    // Add a different request code for every activity you are starting from here
    private static final int SECOND_ACTIVITY_REQUEST_CODE = 0;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    }

    // "Go to Second Activity" button click
    public void onButtonClick(View view) {

        // Start the SecondActivity
        Intent intent = new Intent(this, SecondActivity.class);
        startActivityForResult(intent, SECOND_ACTIVITY_REQUEST_CODE);
    }

    // This method is called when the second activity finishes
    @Override
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);

        // check that it is the SecondActivity with an OK result
        if (requestCode == SECOND_ACTIVITY_REQUEST_CODE) {
            if (resultCode == RESULT_OK) { // Activity.RESULT_OK

                // get String data from Intent
                String returnString = data.getStringExtra("keyName");

                // set text view with string
                TextView textView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textView);
                textView.setText(returnString);
            }
        }
    }
}

SecondActivity.java

public class SecondActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_second);
    }

    // "Send text back" button click
    public void onButtonClick(View view) {

        // get the text from the EditText
        EditText editText = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.editText);
        String stringToPassBack = editText.getText().toString();

        // put the String to pass back into an Intent and close this activity
        Intent intent = new Intent();
        intent.putExtra("keyName", stringToPassBack);
        setResult(RESULT_OK, intent);
        finish();
    }
}