How to mock a final class with mockito – Dev

The best answers to the question “How to mock a final class with mockito” in the category Dev.

QUESTION:

I have a final class, something like this:

public final class RainOnTrees{

   public void startRain(){

        // some code here
   }
}

I am using this class in some other class like this:

public class Seasons{

   RainOnTrees rain = new RainOnTrees();

   public void findSeasonAndRain(){

        rain.startRain();

    }
}

and in my JUnit test class for Seasons.java I want to mock the RainOnTrees class. How can I do this with Mockito?

ANSWER:

Mocking final/static classes/methods is possible with Mockito v2 only.

add this in your gradle file:

testImplementation 'org.mockito:mockito-inline:2.13.0'

This is not possible with Mockito v1, from the Mockito FAQ:

What are the limitations of Mockito

  • Needs java 1.5+

  • Cannot mock final classes

ANSWER:

Mockito 2 now supports final classes and methods!

But for now that’s an “incubating” feature. It requires some steps to activate it which are described in What’s New in Mockito 2:

Mocking of final classes and methods is an incubating, opt-in feature. It uses a combination of Java agent instrumentation and subclassing in order to enable mockability of these types. As this works differently to our current mechanism and this one has different limitations and as we want to gather experience and user feedback, this feature had to be explicitly activated to be available ; it can be done via the mockito extension mechanism by creating the file src/test/resources/mockito-extensions/org.mockito.plugins.MockMaker containing a single line:

mock-maker-inline

After you created this file, Mockito will automatically use this new engine and one can do :

 final class FinalClass {
   final String finalMethod() { return "something"; }
 }

 FinalClass concrete = new FinalClass(); 

 FinalClass mock = mock(FinalClass.class);
 given(mock.finalMethod()).willReturn("not anymore");

 assertThat(mock.finalMethod()).isNotEqualTo(concrete.finalMethod());

In subsequent milestones, the team will bring a programmatic way of using this feature. We will identify and provide support for all unmockable scenarios. Stay tuned and please let us know what you think of this feature!

ANSWER:

You cannot mock a final class with Mockito, as you can’t do it by yourself.

What I do, is to create a non-final class to wrap the final class and use as delegate. An example of this is TwitterFactory class, and this is my mockable class:

public class TwitterFactory {

    private final twitter4j.TwitterFactory factory;

    public TwitterFactory() {
        factory = new twitter4j.TwitterFactory();
    }

    public Twitter getInstance(User user) {
        return factory.getInstance(accessToken(user));
    }

    private AccessToken accessToken(User user) {
        return new AccessToken(user.getAccessToken(), user.getAccessTokenSecret());
    }

    public Twitter getInstance() {
        return factory.getInstance();
    }
}

The disadvantage is that there is a lot of boilerplate code; the advantage is that you can add some methods that may relate to your application business (like the getInstance that is taking a user instead of an accessToken, in the above case).

In your case I would create a non-final RainOnTrees class that delegate to the final class. Or, if you can make it non-final, it would be better.

ANSWER:

add this in your build file:

  • if using gradle: build.gradle
testImplementation 'org.mockito:mockito-inline:2.13.0'
  • if using maven: pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.mockito</groupId>
    <artifactId>mockito-inline</artifactId>
    <version>2.13.0</version>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

this is a configuration to make mockito work with final classes

If you faced the Could not initialize inline Byte Buddy mock maker. (This mock maker is not supported on Android.)
Add the Byte Buddy dependency to your build.gradle file:

testImplementation 'net.bytebuddy:byte-buddy-agent:1.10.19'

src: https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/net.bytebuddy/byte-buddy