How to set data attributes in HTML elements – Dev

The best answers to the question “How to set data attributes in HTML elements” in the category Dev.

QUESTION:

I have a div with an attribute data-myval = "10". I want to update its value; wouldn’t it change if I use div.data('myval',20)? Do I need to use div.attr('data-myval','20') only?

Am I getting confused between HTML5 and jQuery? Please advise. Thanks!

EDIT: Updated div.data('myval')=20 to div.data('myval',20), but still the HTML is not updating.

ANSWER:

You can also use the following attr thing;

HTML

<div id="mydiv" data-myval="JohnCena"></div>

Script

 $('#mydiv').attr('data-myval', 'Undertaker'); // sets 
 $('#mydiv').attr('data-myval'); // gets

OR

$('#mydiv').data('myval'); // gets value
$('#mydiv').data('myval','John Cena'); // sets value

ANSWER:

HTML

<div id="mydiv" data-myval="10"></div>

JS

var a = $('#mydiv').data('myval'); //getter

$('#mydiv').data('myval',20); //setter

Demo

Reference

From the reference:

jQuery itself uses the .data() method to save information under the names ‘events’ and ‘handle’, and also reserves any data name starting with an underscore (‘_’) for internal use.

It should be noted that jQuery’s data() doesn’t change the data attribute in HTML.

So, if you need to change the data attribute in HTML, you should use .attr() instead.

HTML

<div id="outer">
    <div id="mydiv" data-myval="10"></div>
</div>

​JS:

alert($('#outer').html());   // alerts <div id="mydiv" data-myval="10"> </div>
var a = $('#mydiv').data('myval'); //getter
$('#mydiv').attr("data-myval","20"); //setter
alert($('#outer').html());   //alerts <div id="mydiv" data-myval="20"> </div>

See this demo

ANSWER:

Please take note that jQuery .data() is not updated when you change html5 data- attributes with javascript.

If you use jQuery .data() to set data- attributes in HTML elements you better use jQuery .data() to read them. Otherwise there can be inconsistencies if you update the attributes dynamically. For example, see setAttribute(), dataset(), attr() below. Change the value, push the button several times and see the console.

$("#button").on("click", function() {
  var field = document.querySelector("#textfield")

  switch ($("#method").val()) {
    case "setAttribute":
      field.setAttribute("data-customval", field.value)
      break;
    case "dataset":
      field.dataset.customval = field.value
      break;
    case "jQuerydata":
      $(field).data("customval", field.value)
      break;
    case "jQueryattr":
      $(field).attr("data-customval", field.value)
      break;
  }

  objValues = {}
  objValues['$(field).data("customval")'] = $(field).data("customval")
  objValues['$(field).attr("data-customval")'] = $(field).attr("data-customval")
  objValues['field.getAttribute("data-customval")'] = field.getAttribute("data-customval")
  objValues['field.dataset.customval'] = field.dataset.customval

  console.table([objValues])
})
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<h1>Example</h1>
<form>
  <input id="textfield" type="text" data-customval="initial">
  <br/>
  <input type="button" value="Set and show in console.table (F12)" id="button">
  <br/>
  <select id="method">
    <option value="setAttribute">setAttribute</option>
    <option value="dataset">dataset</option>
    <option value="jQuerydata">jQuery data</option>
    <option value="jQueryattr">jQuery attr</option>
  </select>
  <div id="results"></div>
</form>

ANSWER:

Vanilla Javascript solution

HTML

<div id="mydiv" data-myval="10"></div>

JavaScript:

  • Using DOM’s getAttribute() property

     var brand = mydiv.getAttribute("data-myval")//returns "10"
     mydiv.setAttribute("data-myval", "20")      //changes "data-myval" to "20"
     mydiv.removeAttribute("data-myval")         //removes "data-myval" attribute entirely
    
  • Using JavaScript’s dataset property

    var myval = mydiv.dataset.myval     //returns "10"
    mydiv.dataset.myval="20"          //changes "data-myval" to "20"
    mydiv.dataset.myval = null          //removes "data-myval" attribute