Loop through an array of strings in Bash? – Dev

The best answers to the question “Loop through an array of strings in Bash?” in the category Dev.
[*]QUESTION:[*]

I want to write a script that loops through 15 strings (array possibly?) Is that possible?

Something like:

for databaseName in listOfNames
then
  # Do something
end

[*]ANSWER:[*]

That is possible, of course.

for databaseName in a b c d e f; do
  # do something like: echo $databaseName
done 

See Bash Loops for, while and until for details.

[*]ANSWER:[*]

You can use it like this:

## declare an array variable
declare -a arr=("element1" "element2" "element3")

## now loop through the above array
for i in "${arr[@]}"
do
   echo "$i"
   # or do whatever with individual element of the array
done

# You can access them using echo "${arr[0]}", "${arr[1]}" also

Also works for multi-line array declaration

declare -a arr=("element1" 
                "element2" "element3"
                "element4"
                )

[*]ANSWER:[*]

Yes

for Item in Item1 Item2 Item3 Item4 ;
  do
    echo $Item
  done

Output:

Item1
Item2
Item3
Item4

To preserve spaces; single or double quote list entries and double quote list expansions.

for Item in 'Item 1' 'Item 2' 'Item 3' 'Item 4' ;
  do
    echo "$Item"
  done

Output:

Item 1
Item 2
Item 3
Item 4

To make list over multiple lines

for Item in Item1 \
            Item2 \
            Item3 \
            Item4
  do
    echo $Item
  done

Output:

Item1
Item2
Item3
Item4

[*]
Simple list variable[*]

List=( Item1 Item2 Item3 )

or

List=(
      Item1 
      Item2 
      Item3
     )

Display the list variable:

echo ${List[*]}

Output:

Item1 Item2 Item3

Loop through the list:

for Item in ${List[*]} 
  do
    echo $Item 
  done

Output:

Item1
Item2
Item3

Create a function to go through a list:

Loop(){
  for item in ${*} ; 
    do 
      echo ${item} 
    done
}
Loop ${List[*]}

Using the declare keyword (command) to create the list, which is technically called an array:

declare -a List=(
                 "element 1" 
                 "element 2" 
                 "element 3"
                )
for entry in "${List[@]}"
   do
     echo "$entry"
   done

Output:

element 1
element 2
element 3

Creating an associative array. A dictionary:

declare -A continent

continent[Vietnam]=Asia
continent[France]=Europe
continent[Argentina]=America

for item in "${!continent[@]}"; 
  do
    printf "$item is in ${continent[$item]} \n"
  done

Output:

 Argentina is in America
 Vietnam is in Asia
 France is in Europe

CSV variables or files in to a list. [*] Changing the internal field separator from a space, to what ever you want. [*] In the example below it is changed to a comma

List="Item 1,Item 2,Item 3"
Backup_of_internal_field_separator=$IFS
IFS=,
for item in $List; 
  do
    echo $item
  done
IFS=$Backup_of_internal_field_separator

Output:

Item 1
Item 2
Item 3

If need to number them:

` 

this is called a back tick. Put the command inside back ticks.

`command` 

It is next to the number one on your keyboard and or above the tab key, on a standard American English language keyboard.

List=()
Start_count=0
Step_count=0.1
Stop_count=1
for Item in `seq $Start_count $Step_count $Stop_count`
    do 
       List+=(Item_$Item)
    done
for Item in ${List[*]}
    do 
        echo $Item
    done

Output is:

Item_0.0
Item_0.1
Item_0.2
Item_0.3
Item_0.4
Item_0.5
Item_0.6
Item_0.7
Item_0.8
Item_0.9
Item_1.0

Becoming more familiar with bashes behavior:

Create a list in a file

cat <<EOF> List_entries.txt
Item1
Item 2 
'Item 3'
"Item 4"
Item 7 : *
"Item 6 : * "
"Item 6 : *"
Item 8 : $PWD
'Item 8 : $PWD'
"Item 9 : $PWD"
EOF

Read the list file in to a list and display

List=$(cat List_entries.txt)
echo $List
echo '$List'
echo "$List"
echo ${List[*]}
echo '${List[*]}'
echo "${List[*]}"
echo ${List[@]}
echo '${List[@]}'
echo "${List[@]}"

BASH commandline reference manual: Special meaning of certain characters or words to the shell.

[*]ANSWER:[*]

None of those answers include a counter…

#!/bin/bash
## declare an array variable
declare -a array=("one" "two" "three")

# get length of an array
arraylength=${#array[@]}

# use for loop to read all values and indexes
for (( i=0; i<${arraylength}; i++ ));
do
  echo "index: $i, value: ${array[$i]}"
done

Output:

index: 0, value: one
index: 1, value: two
index: 2, value: three